Did you know that as many as 1 in 5 people have a learning disability?

What is a learning disability exactly?

The learning disability is defined as “any mental condition that prevents a person from acquiring the same amount of knowledge as others in their age group.”

Do you want to learn more about the different types of learning disabilities? Keep reading to find out the 5 most common learning disabilities special education and their symptoms.

Video: Common Learning Disabilities

The top three most common learning disabilities and disorders – reading (dyslexia), math (dyscalculia), and writing (dysgraphia)

1. Dyslexia

Dyslexia is probably the number one learning disorder auditory processing, visual processing disorders may have trouble that affects children and adults. It’s a condition that makes it challenging to understand text or speech. If you have dyslexia, reading, writing, and speaking can be difficult and overwhelming.

Some symptoms of dyslexia include:

  • Reversing the position of letters
  • Struggling with reading comprehension load
  • Delayed speech
  • Difficulty learning auditory processing disorder new vocabulary or rhymes
  • Having disorders visual processing may have trouble understanding directions


Did you know that over 6 million children are diagnosed with paying Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)? Many children with ADHD are disciplined for misbehaving, but they can’t control their actions. ADHD makes it difficult to concentrate, which can lead to one child distracting others around them in a classroom setting.

Some symptoms of ADHD are as follows:

  • Unable to sit still
  • Being disorganized or forgetful
  • Difficulty staying quiet and attentive
  • Lack of motivation
  • Mood swings or emotional outbursts

3. Dyscalculia

Lots of people dislike math, but they’re eventually able to understand it with enough practice. Dyscalculia is more severe because it’s diagnosing a learning disability that makes it challenging to understand even the most basic math concepts. Since math builds upon itself, children with dyscalculia can fall behind and struggle to catch up for years.

Some symptoms of dyscalculia include:

  • Struggling with concepts such as measuring, time, and estimating
  • Being unsure of how to approach word math problems
  • Difficulty following the order of operations
  • Finding it challenging to count and group numbers together
VIDEO: Learning Disabilities, What Are the Different Types?

4. Dysgraphia

Dysgraphia is an affect learning disability that makes it hard to write legibly. Some people with dysgraphia struggle spoken language to hold a writing utensil comfortably while others lack the spatial awareness needed to produce legible text.

Some symptoms of dysgraphia are as follows:

  • Messy handwriting
  • Taking a long time to write
  • Holding a writing utensil improperly
  • Struggling to express thoughts in a clear sentence structure
  • Poor grammar
  • Speaking out loud while writing

5. Dyspraxia

Although dyspraxia is a condition that affects someone’s motor skills, it still has the potential to hinder affect specific learning. The reason why is because a person with dyspraxia may not be able to hold a pencil or participate by speaking regularly.

Dyspraxia mostly interferes with hand-eye coordination skills. Dyspraxia presents itself differently in each affects a person, but some symptoms include poor balance and struggling with fine-motor tasks.

Since these 5 common learning disabilities education affects such a large portion of our population, it’s important for everyone to stay informed so we can learn to recognize the symptoms.

Do you suspect that you or a loved one has a learning disability? If so, LD Resources Foundation is here to help. Check out our resources on how to thrive with a learning disability.

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